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Serotype-dependent induction of pulmonary neutrophilia and inflammatory cytokine gene expression by reovirus.

By A L Farone, C W Frevert, M B Farone, M J Morin, B N Fields, J D Paulauskis and L Kobzik

Abstract

Reovirus type 3 Dearing (T3D) causes a prominent neutrophil influx, substantially greater than seen with reovirus type 1 Lang (T1L) in a rat model of viral pneumonia. We sought to measure reovirus-mediated increases in chemokine mRNA expression in pulmonary cells. We found that the neutrophilia induced by T1L and T3D infection in vivo correlated directly with increased levels of chemokine mRNA expression in T3D-infected compared with those of T1IL-infected lungs. In vitro, reovirus-infected normal alveolar macrophages (AMs) and the rat AM cell line NR8383 expressed greater levels of macrophage inflammatory protein 2, KC, and tumor necrosis factor alpha mRNA. A synergism between reovirus and lipopolysaccharide was also detected for macrophage inflammatory protein 2 and KC mRNA expression. Tumor necrosis factor protein secretion was also increased to a greater extent by T3D than by T1L in primary rat AMs and the NR8383 cells. We conclude that the virus-mediated inflammatory cytokine induction suggests a role for these cytokines in the neutrophil influx observed in the rat reovirus pneumonia model

Topics: Research Article
Year: 1996
OAI identifier: oai:pubmedcentral.nih.gov:190759
Provided by: PubMed Central
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