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Ordering of water molecules between phospholipid bilayers visualized by coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering microscopy

By Ji-Xin Cheng, Sophie Pautot, David A. Weitz and X. Sunney Xie


We demonstrate ordered orientation of the hydration water at the surface of phospholipid bilayers by use of coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering (CARS) microscopy, a highly sensitive vibrational imaging method recently developed. We investigated negatively charged POPS (1-palmitoyl-2-oleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phospho-l-serine) and neutral POPC (1-palmitoyl-2-oleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine) multilamellar onions dispersed in deuterated dodecane. The imaging contrast based on the CARS signal from the H2O stretching vibration shows a clear dependence on the excitation field polarization. Our results provide direct experimental evidence that water molecules close to the phospholipid bilayer surface are ordered with the symmetry axis along the direction normal to the bilayer. Moreover, the amount of ordered water molecules depends on the lipid polar group. The spectral profile for the inter-lamellar water shows that the water molecules bound to the bilayer surface are less hydrogen-bonded and exhibit a higher vibrational frequency than bulk water

Topics: Biological Sciences
Publisher: National Academy of Sciences
Year: 2003
DOI identifier: 10.1073/pnas.1732202100
OAI identifier:
Provided by: PubMed Central
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