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Identification of Group B Streptococci by Immunofluorescence Staining

By Redolfo Romero and Hazel W. Wilkinson


Gamma globulin fractions of rabbit antisera prepared with whole cell vaccines of group B types Ia, Ib, II, and III and labeled with fluorescein isothiocyanate stained group B streptococci type specifically. Type Ic cells, which contain the Ia polysaccharide antigen of type Ia and the Ic protein antigen of type Ib, were specifically stained by both Ia and Ib conjugates. A group B conjugate pool (B pool) that contained one conjugate specific for each group B type at its predetermined titer gave positive fluorescent-antibody (FA) reactions (4+ intensity) with group B stock strains and negative FA reactions (less than 2+ intensity) with stock strains of streptococcal groups A, C through H, and K through U, viridans streptococci, Streptococcus pneumoniae, Staphylococcus aureus, Neisseria gonorrhoeae, and representative Enterobacteriaceae. Examination of 883 clinical isolates submitted to the Streptococcus Laboratory (Center for Disease Control, Atlanta, Ga.) for identification revealed a 99.1% agreement between FA and culture-precipitin methods. All 305 group B streptococci identified by culture-precipitin and six nonhemolytic group B streptococci missed initially by culture tests were identified correctly by FA. Results of cultural and FA methods in a double-blind study of 99 vaginal swabs agreed on 96 of 99 strains. Three nonhemolytic group B streptococci were identified first by FA and later confirmed by culture-precipitin tests

Topics: Clinical Microbiology and Immunology
Year: 1974
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Provided by: PubMed Central
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