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Free hydroxyl groups are not required for endotoxic activity of lipid A.

By K Tanamoto


Previous studies demonstrated that lipid A from Salmonella abortusequi loses its B-cell mitogenicity for murine spleen cells as a result of the introduction of succinyl residues on hydroxyl groups and that the inactivated lipid A specifically antagonizes the mitogenicity of endotoxin. Hypothesizing that the hydroxyl groups are essential both for its biological activity and for producing nontoxic preparations having antagonistic activity, I tested the role of the hydroxyl groups in its activities by using well-characterized biologically active lipid A preparations synthesized chemically (Escherichia coli and Salmonella types 506 and 516, respectively) by the introduction of either succinyl or acetyl residues at the hydroxyl groups of each of these lipid A preparations. However, the biological activities of neither lipid A preparation were reduced at all after succinylation; in fact, succinylated 516 became much more potent than the original molecule with respect to most activities tested, i.e., lethal toxicity, Limulus gelation activity, and the induction of tumor necrosis factor release. On the other hand, when the hydroxyl groups were replaced with acetyl residues, the lethality and tumor necrosis factor-inducing activity of both lipid A preparations were decreased, whereas their Limulus gelation activity was increased. Mitogenicity was not affected much by the chemical modifications of either lipid A preparation. These findings indicate that although the residues introduced into the free hydroxyl groups of lipid A modulate its activities, the hydroxyl groups in lipid A need not exist in free form

Topics: Research Article
Year: 1994
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Provided by: PubMed Central
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