By single ascospore isolation, several sets of asci containing eight ascospores were isolated from perithecia of Gibberella zeae. Of these sets, seven were investigated for their ability to produce 8-ketotrichothecene mycotoxins on rice grains. Analyses were made with gas chromatography-mass spectrometry and gas chromatography with 63Ni electron capture detection. Of 56 total isolates, 11 produced nivalenol, 4-acetylnivalenol, and deoxynivalenol, 1 produced nivalenol and deoxynivalenol, 7 produced deoxynivalenol and 3-acetyldeoxynivalenol, 19 produced deoxynivalenol and 15-acetyldeoxynivalenol, and 6 produced deoxynivalenol and both 15- and 3-acetyldeoxynivalenol. The remaining 12 isolates produced nivalenol and 4-acetylnivalenol. All isolates of G. zeae that we examined could produce 8-ketotrichothecenes in this investigation. This report is the first to demonstrate the presence of G. zeae isolates producing both nivalenol and deoxynivalenol. In addition, differences in the production between 3-acetyldeoxynivalenol and 15-acetyldeoxynivalenol are discussed in relation to culture conditions
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