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Production of Poly-β-Hydroxyalkanoic Acid by Pseudomonas cepacia

By Bruce A. Ramsay, Juliana A. Ramsay and David G. Cooper

Abstract

The possibility of using the nutritionally versatile bacterium Pseudomonas cepacia to produce poly-β-hydroxyalkanoic acid was evaluated. Chemostat culture showed that growth of P. cepacia became nitrogen limited when the molar carbon-to-nitrogen ratio of the medium fed into the fermentor was above 15. When grown under nitrogen limitation in batch culture with fructose as the sole source of carbon, P. cepacia accumulated poly-β-hydroxybutyric acid (PHB) in excess of 50% of the dry weight of its biomass. In batch culture, almost no PHB was produced until the onset of nitrogen limitation. After this point, PHB was produced at a linear rate of 0.12 g liter(−1) h(−1) (from a constant value of 1.6 g of cellular protein liter(−1)). PHB produced by P. cepacia had a weight-average molecular weight of 5.37 × 10(5) g mol(−1) and a polydispersivity index of 3.9. Poly(β-hydroxybutyric acid-β-hydroxyvaleric acid) copolymer was produced with a poly-β-hydroxybutyric acid-poly-β-hydroxyvaleric acid ratio of up to 30% by weight when propionic acid was added to the medium

Topics: Physiology and Biotechnology
Year: 1989
OAI identifier: oai:pubmedcentral.nih.gov:184164
Provided by: PubMed Central
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