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Reduction of nitrosubstituted aromatic compounds by the halophilic anaerobic eubacteria Haloanaerobium praevalens and Sporohalobacter marismortui.

By A Oren, P Gurevich and Y Henis


The moderately halophilic, obligately anaerobic eubacteria Haloanaerobium praevalens DSM 2228 and Sporohalobacter marismortui ATCC 35420 are able to reduce a variety of nitrosubstituted aromatic compounds at a high rate to the corresponding amines. Compounds degraded included nitrobenzene, o-nitrophenol, m-nitrophenol, p-nitrophenol, nitroanilines, 2,4-dinitrophenol, and 2,4-dinitroaniline. Most of these compounds, when added at concentrations of 50 to 100 mg/liter, were completely transformed within 24 h, but at the highest concentrations growth rates were somewhat lowered. Growth of H. praevalens in the presence of 14C-labeled p-nitrophenol showed that the compound was not incorporated by the cells or degraded to acid-volatile compounds

Topics: Research Article
Year: 1991
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Provided by: PubMed Central
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