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Performance characterization of a model bioreactor for the biodegradation of trichloroethylene by Pseudomonas cepacia G4.

By B R Folsom and P J Chapman

Abstract

Pseudomonas cepacia G4 grown in chemostats with phenol demonstrated constant specific degradation rates for both phenol and trichloroethylene (TCE) over a range of dilution rates. Washout of cells from chemostats was evident at a dilution rate of 0.2 h-1 at 28 degrees C. Increased phenol concentrations in the nutrient feed led to increased biomass production with constant specific degradation rates for both phenol and TCE. The addition of lactate to the phenol feed led to increased biomass production but lowered specific phenol and TCE degradation rates. The maximum potential for TCE degradation was about 1.1 g per day per g of cell protein. Cell growth and degradation kinetic parameters were used in the design of a recirculating bioreactor for TCE degradation. In this reactor, the total amount of TCE degraded increased as either reaction time or biomass was increased. TCE degradation was observed up to 300 microM TCE with no significant decreases in rates. On the average, this reactor was able to degrade 0.7 g of TCE per day per g of cell protein. These results demonstrate the feasibility of TCE bioremediation through the use of bioreactors

Topics: Research Article
Year: 1991
OAI identifier: oai:pubmedcentral.nih.gov:183439
Provided by: PubMed Central
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