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Almost universal ternary sums of pentagonal numbers

By Hai-Liang Wu

Abstract

For each integer $x$, the $x$-th generalized pentagonal number is denoted by $P_5(x)=(3x^2-x)/2$. Given odd positive integers $a,b,c$ and non-negative integers $r,s$, we employ the theory of ternary quadratic forms to determine completely when the sum $aP_5(x)+2^rbP_5(y)+2^scP_5(z)$ represents all but finitely many positive integers.Comment: 18 page

Topics: Mathematics - Number Theory
Year: 2020
OAI identifier: oai:arXiv.org:2007.10910

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