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Revisiting Helicity Parton Distributions at a Future Electron-Ion Collider

By Elke C. Aschenauer, Ignacio Borsa, Gonzalo Lucero, Ana S. Nunes and Rodolfo Sassot


We studied the impact of future Electron Ion Collider inclusive and semi-inclusive polarized deep inelastic scattering data will have on the determination of the helicity parton distributions. Supplementing the Monte Carlo sampling variant of the DSSV14 analysis with pseudo-data on polarized inclusive and semi-inclusive electron-proton deep inelastic scattering with updated uncertainty estimates and for two different center-of-mass-system energies, $\sqrt{s}=44.7$ GeV and $\sqrt{s}=141.4$ GeV respectively, and on inclusive electron-helium collisions at $\sqrt{s}=115.2$ GeV, we find a remarkable improvement in the determination of the helicity distributions, specially at low parton momentum fraction $x$. While inclusive electron-proton data at the lowest energy configuration constrain significantly the gluon polarization down to $x \sim 10^{-4}$, the higher energy configuration strengthens the constraint and extends it one decade further. On the other hand, semi-inclusive data achieves the hitherto elusive flavor separation for sea quarks that can not be obtained from any other inclusive electromagnetic measurement. Collisions with helium complement inclusive proton measurements, pushing the constraints on the combined quark plus anti-quark $u, d$ and $s$ polarizations to an unprecedented level.Comment: 19 pages, 19 figure

Topics: High Energy Physics - Phenomenology
Year: 2020
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