The ability of staphylococcal strains isolated from different anatomical sites in 133 healthy goats to produce toxic shock syndrome toxin 1 (TSST-1) and the presence of antibodies to this toxin in serum and milk were studied. The enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay method was used to detect both the toxin and the presence of antibodies. Of a total of 342 staphylococcal strains studied, 86 (25.2%) were found to produce TSST-1. Specific antibodies to TSST-1 were found in the serum of 57 (42.9%) of the animals studied and the milk of 63 (47.4%) of the animals. These results suggest that goats are frequently in contact with staphylococci that produce TSST-1, a toxin usually associated with Staphylococcus aureus strains isolated from cases of toxic shock syndrome in humans
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