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Teias com saber

By Teresa Soeiro and Ana Dolores Leal Anileiro

Abstract

Maria José Rocha, nada e criada em meio rural, no lugar do Preisal (Fonte Arcada, Penafiel), é uma das derradeiras tecedeiras de panos de linho em tear manual, cuja excelência e dinamismo nos questiona sobre a resiliência, em novos contextos económico-sociais e sistemas simbólicos, da produção autónoma, transmissão familiar do saber e capacidade de adaptação, no século XX, de ofícios e modos de fazer de cariz pré-industrial. Procuramos ainda sumariar o percurso da actividade linheira em Penafiel, desde o auge no final do Antigo Regime até à obsolescência face à não industrialização e ao domínio do mercado pelo algodão e fibras sintéticas, consumo que remeteu o tecido de linho manual para a marginalidade/excepcionalidade do artesanato.Maria José Rocha, born and raised in Preisal village (Fonte Arcada, Penafiel), is one of the last linen cloth weavers using a manual loom. Her excellence and dynamism led us to examine the resilience of the independent making in new social-economic contexts and symbolic systems, the transmission of knowhow within a family, and the adaptability of the pre-industrial crafts and ways of making in the 20th century. We also sum up the progress of the flax/linen activity in Penafiel since its peak at the end of the Modern Age up to its obsolescence in view of the non-industrialization and the market dominance of cotton and synthetic fibers. The consumption of the latter confined the manual linen cloth to a peripheral/exceptional use in handicrafts

Topics: História, History
Year: 2020
OAI identifier: oai:repositorio-aberto.up.pt:10216/127330
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