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Cefmenoxime pharmacokinetics in healthy volunteers and subjects with renal insufficiency and on hemodialysis.

By J G Gambertoglio, D P Alexander and S L Barriere

Abstract

The pharmacokinetics of cefmenoxime were characterized in five healthy volunteers and in 15 subjects with various degrees of renal insufficiency after a single 10-mg/kg, 5-min intravenous infusion. Five of these subjects were studied both on hemodialysis and during an interdialytic period. Plasma, urine and dialysate were assayed for cefmenoxime by a specific high-pressure liquid chromatographic assay. Peak plasma concentrations of cefmenoxime were ca. 94 micrograms/ml after completion of the infusion. The mean plasma and renal clearances in the healthy volunteers were 281 +/- 66 and 228 +/- 52 ml/min, respectively. Plasma clearance declined in patients with renal insufficiency and correlated significantly with creatine clearance. The mean apparent volume of distribution at steady state in the healthy volunteers was 0.23 liters/kg and was not found to be significantly different in subjects with renal insufficiency. The mean cumulative 24-h urinary recovery of cefmenoxime in healthy volunteers was 81% of the administered dose and decreased with reduced renal function. Cefmenoxine dosage should be reduced in proportion to the decline in creatinine clearance. A simple nomogram for dose selection is provided

Topics: Research Article
Year: 1984
DOI identifier: 10.1128/aac.26.6.845
OAI identifier: oai:pubmedcentral.nih.gov:180037
Provided by: PubMed Central
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