CHEMICAL AND BIOLOGICAL POTENCIAL OF SELECTED PLANTS OF CENTRAUREA GENUS

Abstract

Istraživanje novih biološki aktivnih supstanci prirodna podrijetla važno je i perspektivno područje istraživanja iz razloga sve većeg broja potvrda o nepovoljnim učincima sintetskih lijekova. Iz tog razloga, svako novo istraživanje iz prirode izoliranih spojeva može doprinijeti farmaceutskoj industriji, odnosno razvoju novih lijekova. Inhibicija važnih enzima jedan je od temeljnih terapija u liječenju bolesti, kao što su Alzheimerova demencija (AD) i Diabetes mellitus (DM). Rod Centaurea L. jedan je od najvažnijih rodova obitelji Asteraceae, s velikim brojem vrsta. U Hrvatskoj dolazi oko 80 vrsta ovog roda, od kojih je 27 endemskih. U ovom radu određen je kemijski i biološki profil hidrolata pet biljaka roda Centaurea. Kemijski profil hidrolata određen je kroz kvalitativno dokazivanje pojedinih sekundarnih metabolita te kroz kvantitativno određivanje sadržaja ukupnih fenolnih i flavonoidnih komponenti hidrolata. Biološki potencijal ispitan je u smislu inhibicije enzima acetilkolinesteraze (AChE), butirilkolinesteraze (BChE) i α-glukozidaze. Kvalitativno su u hidrolatima biljaka dokazani glikozidi i saponini, dok nisu dokazani alkaloidi, tanini, steroidi i terpenoidi. Rezultati su pokazali da svi uzorci hidrolata biljaka roda Centaurea sadrže relativno mali sadržaj fenolnih i flavonoidnih spojeva. Uzorci hidrolata C. scabiosa i C. rhenana srednje inhibiraju enzim AChE, C. triumfetti i C. ragusina slabo inhibiraju AChE, dok C. alba ne inhibira AChE. Uzorci hidrolata C. alba, C. rhenana i C. scabiosa slabo inhibiraju BChE, dok C. triumfettii i C. ragusina ne inhibiraju ovaj enzim. Uzorak hidrolata C. scabiosa zamjetnom sposobnosti inhibira enzim α-glukozidazu, uzorak C. rhenana slabo inhibira enzim α-glukozidazu, dok ostali hidrolati ne inhibiraju ovaj enzimResearch on new biological active substances of natural origin is also a significant field of research, due to the growing number of adverse effects of synthetic drugs. For this reason, any new research on the from nature isolated compounds can contribute to the pharmaceutical industry, or the development of new drugs. Inhibition of important enzymes is one of the fundamental therapies for treating diseases such as Alzheimer's dementia (AD) and Diabetes mellitus (DM). Genus Centaurea L. is one of the most important families of the Asteraceae family, with a large number of species. In Croatia there are around 80 species of this genus, of which 27 are endemic. In this study, the chemical and biological profile of the hydrolysates of five plants of the genus Centaurea was determined. The chemical profile of the hydrolysates was determined by qualitatively proving some secondary metabolites and quantitatively determining the content of the total phenol and flavonoid components of the hydrolates. Biological potential was investigated in terms of the inhibition of acetylcholinesterase (AChE), butyrylcholinesterase (BChE) and α-glucosidase enzymes. Glycosides and saponins have been shown to be beneficial in plant hydrolytes, while alkaloids, tandines, steroids and terpenoids have not been proven. The results show that all samples of the Centaurea plant hydrolysates contain a relatively low content of phenolic and flavonoid compounds. C. scabiosa and C. rhenana hydrolytes inhibit AChE, C. triumfetti and C. ragusina show low inhibiting of AChE, whereas C. alba does not inhibit AChE. C. alba, C. rhenana and C. scabiosa samples are poorly inhibiting BChE, while C. triumfettii and C. ragusina do not inhibit this enzyme. C. scabiosa inhibits the enzyme α-glucosidase noticeably, C. rhenana sample weakly inhibits the α-glucosidase enzyme while the other hydrolysates do not inhibit this enzyme

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This paper was published in Croatian Digital Thesis Repository.

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