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Changes in host cell energetics in response to bacteriophage PRD1 DNA entry.

By R Daugelavicius, J K Bamford and D H Bamford


Double-stranded DNA bacteriophage PRD1 infects a variety of gram-negative bacteria harboring an IncP-type conjugative plasmid. The plasmid codes for the DNA transfer phage receptor complex in the cell envelope. Our goal was, by using a collection of mutant phage particles for which the variables are the DNA content and/or the presence of the receptor-binding protein, to obtain information on the energy requirements for DNA entry as well as on alterations in the cellular energetics taking place during the first stages of infection. We studied the fluxes of tetraphenylphosphonium (TPP+), phenyldicarbaundecaborane (PCB-), and K+ ions as well as ATP through the envelope of Salmonella typhimurium cells. The final level of the membrane voltage (delta psi) indicator TPP+ accumulated by the infected cells exceeds the initial level before the infection. Besides the effects on TPP+ accumulation, PRD1 induces the leakage of ATP and K+ from the cytosol. All these events were induced only by DNA-containing infectious particles and were cellular ATP and delta psi dependent. PRD1-caused changes in delta psi and in PCB- binding differ considerably from those observed in other bacteriophage infections studied. These results are in accordance with the presence of a specific channel engaged in phage PRD1 DNA transport

Topics: Research Article
Year: 1997
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Provided by: PubMed Central
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