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Purification and characterization of a benzylviologen-linked, tungsten-containing aldehyde oxidoreductase from Desulfovibrio gigas.

By C M Hensgens, W R Hagen and T A Hansen


Desulfovibrio gigas NCIMB 9332 cells grown in ethanol-containing medium with 0.1 microM tungstate contained a benzylviologen-linked aldehyde oxidoreductase. The enzyme was purified to electrophoretic homogeneity and found to be a homodimer with a subunit M(r) of 62,000. It contained 0.68 +/- 0.08 W, 4.8 Fe, and 3.2 +/- 0.2 labile S per subunit. After acid iodine oxidation of the purified enzyme, a fluorescence spectrum typical for form A of molybdopterin was obtained. Acetaldehyde, propionaldehyde, and benzaldehyde were excellent substrates, with apparent Km values of 12.5, 10.8, and 20 microM, respectively. The natural electron acceptor is not yet known; benzylviologen was used as an artificial electron acceptor (apparent Km, 0.55 mM). The enzyme was activated by potassium ions and strongly inhibited by cyanide, arsenite, and iodoacetate. In the as-isolated enzyme, electron paramagnetic resonance studies readily detected W(V) as a complex signal with g values in the range of 1.84 to 1.97. The dithionite-reduced enzyme exhibited a broad signal at low temperature with g = 2.04 and 1.92; this is indicative of a [4Fe-4S]1+ cluster interacting with a second paramagnet, possibly the S = 1 system of W(IV). Until now W-containing aldehyde oxidoreductases had only been found in two Clostridium strains and two hyperthermophilic archaea. The D. gigas enzyme is the first example of such an enzyme in a gram-negative bacterium

Topics: Research Article
Year: 1995
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Provided by: PubMed Central
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