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Binding affinity and functional significance of NIT2 and NIT4 binding sites in the promoter of the highly regulated nit-3 gene, which encodes nitrate reductase in Neurospora crassa.

By T Y Chiang and G A Marzluf


In the filamentous fungus Neurospora crassa, both the global-acting regulatory protein NIT2 and the pathway-specific regulatory protein NIT4 are required to turn on the expression of the nit-3 gene, which encodes nitrate reductase, the first enzyme in the nitrate assimilatory pathway. Three NIT2 binding sites and two NIT4 binding sites have been identified in the 1.3-kb nit-3 promoter region via mobility shift and footprinting experiments with NIT2-beta-galactosidase and NIT4-beta-Gactosidase fusion proteins. Quantitative mobility shift assays were used to examine the affinity of individual NIT2 binding sites for the native NIT2 protein present in N. crassa nuclear extracts. In vivo analysis of nit-3 promoter 5' deletion constructs and individual NIT2 and NIT4 binding-site deletions or mutations revealed that all of the NIT2 and NIT4 binding sites are required for the full level of expression of the nit-3 gene. A cluster of two NIT2 and two NIT4 binding sites located more than 1 kb upstream of the translational start site is required for nit-3 expression, and one NIT2 binding site and one NIT4 site, which are immediately adjacent to each other, are of particular functional importance. A significant NIT2-NIT4 protein-protein interaction might occur upon their binding to nearby sites

Topics: Research Article
Year: 1995
DOI identifier: 10.1128/jb.177.21.6093-6099.1995
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Provided by: PubMed Central
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