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Effects of tillage and mulching on runoff under banana (Musa spp.) on a tropical andosol

By Pierre Cattan, Yves-Marie Cabidoche, Jean-Guillaume Lacas and Marc Voltz

Abstract

Publication Inra prise en compte dans l'analyse bibliométrique des publications scientifiques mondiales sur les Fruits, les Légumes et la Pomme de terre. Période 2000-2012. http://prodinra.inra.fr/record/256699This article assesses the extent of runoff in banana (Musa spp.) plantations on an Andosol of high water infiltration capacity (saturated hydraulic conductivity, Ksat, of over 60 mm/h) with high rainfall levels (2500–4500 mm of rain per year). This is an important issue, since the large quantities of inputs applied to banana plantations are likely to be displaced by runoff. Runoff was assessed over two crop cycles for two crop management strategies, viz. (1) tillage followed by furrowing and planting, and (2) planting in holes without prior tillage, with different soil cover management techniques for the second crop, viz. (1) mulching with harvest residues in every other interrow and (2) mulching with harvest residues in every interrow, whereas the soil was left bare for the first cycle. These strategies correspond to current practice among farmers. The results showed that runoff was generally moderate on the Andosol: runoff amounted to less than 55 mm in the first cycle with a total of 771 mm of rainfall, and about 70 mm in the second cycle, with a total of 1232 mm of rainfall. The mean runoff coefficients (RC) per rainfall event ranged from 5 to 11%. The differences in runoff between these two soil management strategies were particularly marked in the first cycle with no soil cover. Runoff was up to five times higher in the untilled plot (RC maximum value of 12%) for light rainfall events (less than 5 mm), notably due to the lower infiltration capacity of the soil (Ksat of 75 mm/h in the untilled plot to 265 mm/h in the tilled one) and despite the indirect hydraulic connectivity with the outlet, which increased the water residence time in the plot, compared to the tilled plot. The differences were reversed in cycle 2 for light rainfall events, where runoff in the tilled plot (RC maximum value of 8%) reached 10 times that in the untilled plot, as a result of mulching in the untilled plot, while in the tilled plot, the partially mulched soil reconsolidated. However, the runoff coefficient did not depend on the soil surface condition in the event of heavy rain (more than 10 mm), when runoff was widespread. Then, the maximum runoff coefficient per rainfall event never exceeded 34%. The results also showed that to compare strategies and soil management methods, it is crucial to analyse phenomena over successive crop cycles. In our case, this revealed that a low-mechanized strategy should not be ruled out, in view of the degree of runoff observed in the first cycle

Topics: RAINFALL INTENSITY, WHEEL TRACKS, MULCHING, TILLAGE, ANDOSOL, RUNOFF, ORNIERE, BANANIER, PAILLAGE, INTENSITE DE LA PLUIE, [SDV.SA.SDS]Life Sciences [q-bio]/Agricultural sciences/Soil study
Publisher: 'Elsevier BV'
Year: 2006
DOI identifier: 10.1016/j.still.2005.02.002
OAI identifier: oai:HAL:hal-02662503v1
Provided by: HAL-CIRAD
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