The TRANSFACT study, a worldwide research initiative, revealed that the effects of trans fatty acids (TFA) found in natural ruminant fat (R-TFA) and industrially produced (IP-TFA) sources on cardiovascular disease risk (CVD) factors are different. Moreover, it was observed for both dietary sources of TFA that women and men react differently to TFA consumption, the women being more sensitive than men. The TRANSFACT study demonstrates that the consumption of R-TFA at the current level consumption does not impact significantly on CVD risk factors. Moreover, the TRANSFACT study confirmed that the complexity related to the consumption of TFA was oversimplified as recently suggested in an epidemiological study
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