The nucleotide sequence of the type II sulfonamide resistance dihydropteroate synthase (sulII) gene was determined. The molecular weight determined by maxicells was 30,000, and the predicted molecular weight for the polypeptide was 28,469. Comparison with the sulI gene encoded by Tn21 showed 57% DNA similarity. The sulII-encoded polypeptide has 138 of 271 amino acids in common with the polypeptide encoded by sulI. The sulII gene is located on various IncQ (broad-host-range) plasmids and other small nonconjugative resistance plasmids. Detailed restriction maps were constructed to compare the different plasmids in which sulII is found. The large conjugative plasmid pGS05 and the IncQ plasmid RSF1010 contained identical nucleotide sequences for the sulII gene. This type of sulfonamide resistance is very frequently found among gram-negative bacteria because of its efficient spread to various plasmids
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