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Porphyromonas gingivalis lipopolysaccharide-stimulated bone resorption via CD14 is inhibited by broad-spectrum antibiotics.

By Y Miyata, H Takeda, S Kitano and S Hanazawa

Abstract

In the present study, we examined mechanisms of Porphyromonas gingivalis lipopolysaccharide (P-LPS)-stimulated bone resorption via CD14, one of the lipopolysaccharide (LPS) receptors, and also assessed the inhibitory action of several kinds of antibiotics on the LPS-induced stimulation. First, we observed by using mouse embryonic calvarial cells that P-LPS stimulated bone resorption through the action of endogenous interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) via CD14 because (i) P-LPS-stimulated expression of IL-1beta and IL-6 genes in calvarial cells was inhibited by an anti-mouse CD14 antibody, (ii) stimulated bone resorption was markedly inhibited by both IL-1beta and IL-6 antibodies, and (iii) P-LPS-stimulated bone resorption was clearly neutralized by an anti-mouse CD14 antibody. Next, we examined the effects of several kinds of antibiotics on P-LPS-stimulated bone resorption via CD14. Two of them, chloramphenicol and erythromycin, inhibited P-LPS-stimulated bone resorption in a dose-dependent manner. In an additional experiment, we observed that chloramphenicol clearly inhibited P-LPS-stimulated expression of the CD14, IL-1beta, and IL-6 genes in calvarial cells. These results suggest that chloramphenicol might be a useful antibiotic as an anti-inflammatory agent against P-LPS-stimulated periodontal destruction occurring via CD14 in periodontal disease

Topics: Research Article
Year: 1997
OAI identifier: oai:pubmedcentral.nih.gov:175501
Provided by: PubMed Central
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