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Reconstitution of B-cell-depleted mice with B cells restores Th2-type immune responses during Plasmodium chabaudi chabaudi infection.

By A W Taylor-Robinson and R S Phillips


In mice depleted of B cells from birth by treatment with anti-immunoglobulin M(mu) antibodies, progression from a Th1- to a Th2-regulated immune response during primary infection with Plasmodium chabaudi chabaudi fails to occur. While Th1-type immunity limits parasitemia, in the absence of B cells, chronic low-grade infections persist. Here, we show that reconstituting immune, and to a lesser extent naive, B cells to mice rendered deficient in B-cell function through anti-immunoglobulin M(mu) pretreatment restores the CD4+ T-cell response to the Th2 type later in P. c. chabaudi infection and with it the capacity to eliminate infection. This finding provides clear evidence that B cells are required for switching the balance of immune regulation between CD4+ T cells from Th1 to Th2 during P.c. chabaudi infection and supports the concept that B cells, through antibody production, are needed for effective antimalarial immunity

Topics: Research Article
Year: 1996
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Provided by: PubMed Central
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