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Escherichia coli-induced activation of neutrophil NADPH-oxidase: lipopolysaccharide and formylated peptides act synergistically to induce release of reactive oxygen metabolites.

By A Karlsson, M Markfjäll, N Strömberg and C Dahlgren


The prevailing view of neutrophil NADPH-oxidase activation during interaction with bacteria is that the production of toxic oxygen metabolites should be directed into the phagosome containing the engulfed prey. However, in this report we show that a common Escherichia coli strain, HB101, may induce a release of neutrophil oxygen metabolites to the extracellular milieu. This phenomenon is dependent on three factors: (i) the mobilization (upregulation) of neutrophil secretory vesicles prior to interaction with the bacteria, (ii) soluble bacterial factors binding to the formylmethionyl-leucyl-phenylalanine receptor and tentatively identified as formylated peptides, and (iii) a bacterium-associated priming factor identified as lipopolysaccharide

Topics: Research Article
Year: 1995
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Provided by: PubMed Central
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