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Generation of interleukin-8 from human monocytes in response to Trichomonas vaginalis stimulation.

By M F Shaio, P R Lin, J Y Liu and K D Yang


Neutrophils are the predominant inflammatory cells found in the vaginal discharges of patients with Trichomonas vaginalis infection. We have investigated the possible role of interleukin-8 (IL-8) in the inflammatory response elicited by T. vaginalis infection. This study has shown that T. vaginalis induces blood monocytes to produce large amounts of bioactive IL-8, mainly by membrane components of T. vaginalis (MTV). Monocyte-derived IL-8 induced by MTV was dose and time dependent. The peak level of IL-8 was 102 +/- 11 ng/ml of conditioned media (mean +/- standard error; n = 5) obtained from MTV-stimulated monocytes (MTVCM) at 36 h of cultivation. With a multichamber chemotactic assay, we found an optimal neutrophil chemotaxis (177 +/- 14 migrated cells) induced by MTVCM collected at 16 h of cultivation when the level of IL-8 was 42 +/- 8 ng/ml. A neutralizing monoclonal antibody directed against IL-8, but not the irrelevant antibodies, significantly blocked the neutrophil chemotactic activity (decreased from 153 +/- 6 to 23 +/- 3 migrated cells; n = 3 [P < 0.001]) induced by MTVCM. Moreover, the maximum increase of the IL-8 mRNA level from MTV-treated monocytes was observed after a 5-h cultivation and decreased thereafter. Monocytes cocultured with MTV in the presence of a neutralizing monoclonal antibody directed against tumor necrosis factor alpha, but not against IL-1 beta, decreased IL-8 production by 25% (P < 0.05), indicating that the release of IL-8 in MTV-stimulated monocytes is partially dependent on tumor necrosis factor alpha. The capacity of MTV-induced monocytes to synthesize IL-8 suggests that these cells can contribute to the induction of the acute inflammatory response seen in T. vaginalis infection

Topics: Research Article
Year: 1995
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Provided by: PubMed Central
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