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Mode of action of 9-(4-hydroxy-3-hydroxymethylbut-1-yl)guanine (BRL 39123) against herpes simplex virus in MRC-5 cells.

By R A Hodge and R M Perkins


The metabolism and mode of action of 9-(4-hydroxy-3-hydroxymethylbut-1-yl)guanine (BRL 39123) were studied in herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1)-infected and uninfected MRC-5 cells and compared with those of acyclovir. In uninfected cells incubated with 10 microM acyclonucleoside for 4 h, no phosphorylation of either BRL 39123 or acyclovir was detected. In contrast, in HSV-1-infected cells, both BRL 39123 and acyclovir were phosphorylated up to the triphosphate esters. Phosphorylation of BRL 39123 occurred much more rapidly and proceeded to a greater extent than did that of acyclovir. Furthermore, following the removal of acyclonucleoside from the culture medium, the intracellular triphosphate ester of BRL 39123 was much more stable than was that of acyclovir, the half-lives being about 10 and 0.7 h, respectively. BRL 39123 treatment effectively inhibited the formation of HSV-1 DNA in infected MRC-5 cells, 50% inhibitory concentrations of BRL 39123 and acyclovir being 0.04 microgram/ml (0.16 microM) and 0.15 microgram/ml (0.67 microM), respectively. In addition, BRL 39123 was shown to be more effective than acyclovir at inhibiting viral DNA synthesis following short treatment times, presumably reflecting the greater stability of BRL 39123 triphosphate. Neither BRL 39123 nor acyclovir inhibited cellular DNA synthesis in uninfected cells at concentrations of up to 100 micrograms/ml

Topics: Research Article
Year: 1989
DOI identifier: 10.1128/aac.33.2.223
OAI identifier:
Provided by: PubMed Central
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