The genome structure of a newly isolated sarcoma virus, Y73, was studied. Y73 is a defective, potent sarcomagenic virus and contains 4.8-kilobase (kb) RNA as its genome; in contrast, helper virus associated with Y73 had 8.5-kb RNA, similar to other avian leukemia viruses. Fingerprinting analysis these RNAs demonstrated that the 4.8-kb RNA contains a specific RNA sequence of 2.5 kb, which represents the transforming gene (yas) of Y73. This specific sequence was mapped in the middle of the genome and had at both ends 1- to 1.5-kb sequences in common with Y73-associated virus RNA. This structure is very similar to those of avian and mammalian leukemia viruses. In vitro translation of the 4.8-kb RNA and the immunospecificity of the products directly demonstrated that polyprotein p90, containing p19, is a product translated from capped 4.8-kb RNA and that the specific peptide portion is coded by the yas sequence. Protein 90, which was also found in cells transformed with Y73, was suggested to be a transforming protein
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