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Simian virus 40 gene A regulation of cellular DNA synthesis. II. In nonpermissive cells.

By J B Hiscott and V Defendi


The stimulation of host macromolecular synthesis and induction into the cell cycle of serum-deprived G0-G1-arrested mouse embryo fibroblasts were examined after infection of resting cells with wild-type simian virus 40 or with viral mutants affecting T antigen (tsA58) or small t antigen (dl884). At various times after virus infection, cell cultures were analyzed for DNA synthesis by autoradiography and flow microfluorimetry. Whereas mock-infected cultured remained quiescent and displayed either a 2N DNA content (80%) or a 4N DNA content (15%), mouse cells infected with wild-type simian virus 40, tsA58 at 33 degrees C, or dl884 were induced into active cell cycling at approximately 18 h postinfection. Although dl884-infected mouse cells were induced to cycle initially at the same rate as wild type-infected cells, they became arrested earlier after infection and also failed to reach the saturation densities of wild-type simian virus 40-infected cells. Infection with dl884 also failed to induce loss of cytoplasmic actin cables in the majority of the infected cell population. Mouse cells infected with tsA58 and maintained at 39.5 degrees C showed a transient burst of DNA synthesis as reflected by changes in cell DNA content and an increase in the number of labeled nuclei during the first 24 h postinfection; however, after the abortive stimulation of DNA synthesis at 39.5 degrees C shift experiments demonstrated that host DNA replication was regulated by a functional A gene product. It is concluded that both products of the early region of simian virus 40 DNA play a complementary role in recruiting and maintaining simian virus 40-infected cells in the cell cycle

Topics: Research Article
Year: 1981
OAI identifier: oai:pubmedcentral.nih.gov:171068
Provided by: PubMed Central
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