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Cloning of the genes for degradation of the herbicides EPTC (S-ethyl dipropylthiocarbamate) and atrazine from Rhodococcus sp. strain TE1.

By Z Q Shao and R Behki


The degradation of the herbicides EPTC (S-ethyl dipropylthiocarbamate) and atrazine (2-chloro-4-ethyl-amino-6-isopropylamino-1,3,5-triazine) is associated with an indigenous plasmid in Rhodococcus sp. strain TE1. Plasmid DNA libraries of Rhodococcus sp. strain TE1 were constructed in a Rhodococcus-Escherichia coli shuttle vector, pBS305, and transferred into Rhodococcus sp. strain TE3, a derivative of Rhodococcus sp. strain TE1 lacking herbicide degradation activity, to select transformants capable of growing on EPTC as the sole source of carbon (EPTC+). Analysis of plasmids from the EPTC+ transformants indicated that the eptA gene, which codes for the enzyme required for EPTC degradation, residues on a 6.2-kb KpnI fragment. The cloned fragment also harbored the gene required for atrazine N dealkylation (atrA). The plasmid carrying the cloned fragment could be electroporated into a number of other Rhodococcus strains in which both eptA and atrA were fully expressed. No expression of the cloned genes was evident in E. coli strains. Subcloning of the 6.2-kb fragment to distinguish between EPTC- and atrazine-degrading genes was not successful

Topics: Research Article
Year: 1995
OAI identifier: oai:pubmedcentral.nih.gov:167477
Provided by: PubMed Central
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