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Purification and characterization of a thermotolerant beta-galactosidase from Thermomyces lanuginosus.

By L Fischer, C Scheckermann and F Wagner


A new inducible intracellular beta-galactosidase (EC of the thermophilic fungus Thermomyces lanuginosus was purified by fractional salt precipitation, hydrophobic interaction, and anion exchange chromatography. The first 22 amino acid residues were determined by N-terminal sequencing. Electrophoretic investigations revealed a dimeric enzyme with a molecular mass of 75 to 80 kDa per identical subunit and an isoelectric point of 4.4 to 4.5. The native beta-galactosidase was identified as a glycoprotein by the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay technique. The beta-galactosidase activity was optimal at pH 6.7 to 7.2, and the enzyme displayed stability between pH 6 and 9. It was completely stable at pH 6.8 and 47 degrees C for 2 h. After 191 h at 50 degrees C, the remaining beta-galactosidase activity of an enzyme fraction after salt precipitation was 58%. The beta-galactosidase hydrolyzed p- and o-NO2-phenyl-beta-D-galactopyranoside, lactose, lactulose, MeOH-beta-D-galactopyranoside, phenyl-beta-D-galactopyranoside, and p-NO2-phenyl-alpha-L-arabinopyranoside. The kinetic constants (Km) measured for p- and o-NO2-phenyl-beta-D-galactopyranoside and beta-lactose were 4.8, 11.3, and 18.2 mM, respectively

Topics: Research Article
Year: 1995
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Provided by: PubMed Central
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