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A C(35) Carotenoid Biosynthetic Pathway

By Daisuke Umeno and Frances H. Arnold


Upon coexpression with Erwinia geranylgeranyldiphosphate (GGDP) synthase in Escherichia coli, C(30) carotenoid synthase CrtM from Staphylococcus aureus produces novel carotenoids with the asymmetrical C(35) backbone. The products of condensation of farnesyldiphosphate and GDP, C(35) structures comprise 40 to 60% of total carotenoid accumulated. Carotene desaturases and carotene cyclases from C(40) or C(30) pathways accepted and converted the C(35) substrate, thus creating a C(35) carotenoid biosynthetic pathway in E. coli. Directed evolution to modulate desaturase step number, together with combinatorial expression of the desaturase variants with lycopene cyclases, allowed us to produce at least 10 compounds not previously described. This result highlights the plastic and expansible nature of carotenoid pathways and illustrates how combinatorial biosynthesis coupled with directed evolution can rapidly access diverse chemical structures

Topics: Genetics and Molecular Biology
Publisher: American Society for Microbiology
Year: 2003
DOI identifier: 10.1128/AEM.69.6.3573-3579.2003
OAI identifier:
Provided by: PubMed Central
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