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Analysis of the pigment stoichiometry of pigment-protein complexes from barley (Hordeum vulgare). The xanthophyll cycle intermediates occur mainly in the light-harvesting complexes of photosystem I and photosystem II.

By A I Lee and J P Thornber


The carotenoid zeaxanthin has been implicated in a nonradiative dissipation of excess excitation energy. To determine its site of action, we have examined the location of zeaxanthin within the thylakoid membrane components. Five pigment-protein complexes were isolated with little loss of pigments: photosystem I (PSI); core complex (CC) I, the core of PSI; CC II, the core of photosystem II (PSII); light-harvesting complex (LHC) IIb, a trimer of the major light-harvesting protein of PSII; and LHC IIa, c, and d, a complex of the monomeric minor light-harvesting proteins of PSII. Zeaxanthin was found predominantly in the LHC complexes. Lesser amounts were present in the CCs possibly because these contained some extraneous LHC polypeptides. The LHC IIb trimer and the monomeric LHC II a, c, and d pigment-proteins from dark-adapted plants each contained, in addition to lutein and neoxanthin, one violaxanthin molecule but little antheraxanthin and no zeaxanthin. Following illumination, each complex had a reduced violaxanthin content, but now more antheraxanthin and zeaxanthin were present. PSI had little or no neoxanthin. The pigment content of LHC I was deduced by subtracting the pigment content of CC I from that of PSI. Our best estimate for the carotenoid content of a LHC IIb trimer from dark-adapted plants is one violaxanthin, two neoxanthins, six luteins, and 0.03 mol of antheraxanthin per mol trimer. The xanthophyll cycle occurs mainly or exclusively within the light-harvesting antennae of both photosystems

Topics: Research Article
Year: 1995
DOI identifier: 10.1104/pp.107.2.565
OAI identifier:
Provided by: PubMed Central
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