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Breast imaging technology: Probing physiology and molecular function using optical imaging - applications to breast cancer

By Vasilis Ntziachristos and Britton Chance

Abstract

The present review addresses the capacity of optical imaging to resolve functional and molecular characteristics of breast cancer. We focus on recent developments in optical imaging that allow three-dimensional reconstruction of optical signatures in the human breast using diffuse optical tomography (DOT). These technologic advances allow the noninvasive, in vivo imaging and quantification of oxygenated and deoxygenated hemoglobin and of contrast agents that target the physiologic and molecular functions of tumors. Hence, malignancy differentiation can be based on a novel set of functional features that are complementary to current radiologic imaging methods. These features could enhance diagnostic accuracy, lower the current state-of-the-art detection limits, and play a vital role in therapeutic strategy and monitoring

Topics: Review
Publisher: BioMed Central
Year: 2000
DOI identifier: 10.1186/bcr269
OAI identifier: oai:pubmedcentral.nih.gov:150034
Provided by: PubMed Central

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