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Peptide nucleic acid-anthraquinone conjugates: strand invasion and photoinduced cleavage of duplex DNA.

By B Armitage, T Koch, H Frydenlund, H Orum, H G Batz and G B Schuster


A bis-peptide nucleic acid (PNA)-anthraquinone imide (AQI) conjugate has been synthesized and shown to form strand invasion complexes with a duplex DNA target. The two arms of the bis-PNA each consist of five consecutive thymine residues and are linked by a flexible, hydrophilic spacer. Probing with potassium permanganate reveals that the bis-PNA complexes to duplex DNA at A5.T5sites with local displacement of the T5DNA strand. The 5 bp sequence targeted by the PNA is the shortest strand invasion complex reported to date. Irradiation of the strand invasion complex results in asymmetric cleavage of the displaced strand, with more efficient cleavage at the 3'-end of the loop. This result indicates that the bis-PNA binds to the DNA such that the C-terminal T5sequence forms the strand invasion complex, leaving the N-terminal T5sequence to bind by triplex formation, thereby placing the AQI closer to the 3'-end of the displaced strand, consistent with the observed photocleavage pattern. The ability of the PNA to directly report its binding site by photoinduced cleavage could have significant utility in mapping the secondary and tertiary structure of nucleic acids

Topics: Research Article
Year: 1997
DOI identifier: 10.1093/nar/25.22.4674
OAI identifier:
Provided by: PubMed Central
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