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The structure of ActVA-Orf6, a novel type of monooxygenase involved in actinorhodin biosynthesis

By Giuliano Sciara, Steven G. Kendrew, Adriana E. Miele, Neil G. Marsh, Luca Federici, Francesco Malatesta, Giuliana Schimperna, Carmelinda Savino and Beatrice Vallone


ActVA-Orf6 monooxygenase from Streptomyces coelicolor that catalyses the oxidation of an aromatic intermediate of the actinorhodin biosynthetic pathway is a member of a class of small monooxygenases that carry out oxygenation without the assistance of any of the prosthetic groups, metal ions or cofactors normally associated with activation of molecular oxygen. The overall structure is a ferredoxin-like fold with a novel dimeric assembly, indicating that the widely represented ferredoxin fold may sustain yet another functionality. The resolution (1.3 Å) of the enzyme structure and its complex with substrate and product analogues allows us to visualize the mechanism of binding and activation of the substrate for attack by molecular oxygen, and utilization of two gates for the reaction components including a proton gate and an O(2)/H(2)O gate with a putative protein channel. This is the first crystal structure of an enzyme involved in the tailoring of a type II aromatic polyketide and illustrates some of the enzyme–substrate recognition features that may apply to a range of other enzymes involved in modifying a polyketide core structure

Topics: Articles
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Year: 2003
DOI identifier: 10.1093/emboj/cdg031
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Provided by: PubMed Central
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