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Elucidation of an allosteric Mode of Action for a Thienopyrazole RORγt Inverse Agonist

By RMJM Rens de Vries, RG Richard Doveston, FA Meijer and L Luc Brunsveld

Abstract

The demand for allosteric targeting of nuclear receptors is high, but examples are limited, and structural information is scarce. The retinoic acid‐related orphan receptor gamma t (RORγt) is an important transcriptional regulator for the differentiation of T helper 17 cells for which the first, and some of the most promising, examples of allosteric nuclear receptor modulation have been reported and structurally proven. In a 2015 patent, filed by the pharmaceutical company Glenmark, a new class of small molecules was reported that act as potent inverse agonists for RORγt. A compound library around the central thienopyrazole scaffold captured a clear structure‐activity relationship, but the binding mechanism of this new class of RORγt modulators has not been elucidated. Using a combination of biochemical and X‐ray crystallography studies, here the allosteric mechanism for the inverse agonism for the most potent compound, classified in the patent as “example 13”, is reported, providing a strongly desired additional example of allosteric nuclear receptor targeting

Publisher: 'Royal College of Obstetricians & Gynaecologists (RCOG)'
Year: 2020
OAI identifier: oai:library.tue.nl:919322
Provided by: Repository TU/e
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