We investigated the role of osteopontin (OPN) in interleukin-12 (IL-12) production from peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) stimulated with Penicillium marneffei. Kinetic studies showed that OPN synthesis preceded that of IL-12 at both mRNA and protein levels when PBMCs were cocultured with P. marneffei. Treatment with anti-OPN monoclonal antibodies (MAb) significantly suppressed IL-12 secretion. Furthermore, native OPN induced a profound level of synthesis of IL-12 from noninfected PBMCs. The major cellular source of OPN was monocytes, because depletion of CD14(+) cells resulted in the abrogation of such production. We also examined the regulatory role of granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) in OPN secretion from P. marneffei-stimulated PBMCs. Neutralizing anti-GM-CSF MAb significantly reduced OPN secretion, and treatment with this cytokine induced OPN production from both infected and noninfected PBMCs. Finally, antagonists against the mannose receptor but not the β-glucan receptor almost completely abrogated the production of OPN. Our results demonstrated that OPN secreted from monocytes is involved in the production of IL-12 from PBMCs after stimulation with P. marneffei and that OPN production is regulated by GM-CSF. Our results also indicated the possible involvement of the mannose receptor as a signal-transducing receptor for triggering the secretion of OPN by P. marneffei-stimulated PBMCs
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