地域を基盤とした子育ち・子育ての保障

Abstract

 In this report, I considered why social child care cases are separated from the child-rearing support system, and examined the possibility of guaranteed community-based child-rearing and child care support in social child care cases. In Japan, the child care support policy began in tandem with measures to reduce the birthrate, and subsequently, community-based child care support unfolded. However, today’s social child care system pulls a child away from the community where his/her family lives. The new social child care vision is expected to resolve that problem by entrusting the child to a foster parent or putting him/her up for special adoption, but it is not the perfect solution. The responsibility for providing consultation assistance to a family that has difficulties raising a child shifts from the concerned prefecture to the municipality, so it includes the possibility of community-based social work. In the social child care system, flexible utilization of the community to ensure that the child is not separated from the parents is possible. 本稿では、社会的養護ケースがなぜ子育て支援から切り離されるのかを考察し、社会的養護ケースの地域を基盤とした子どもの育ちと子育ての保障の可能性を検討した。わが国の子育て支援政策は少子化対策から始まり、子ども・子育て支援制度の下で地域を基盤とした子育て支援が展開している。しかし、現在の社会的養護は、子どもを家庭のある地域から引き離している。新しい社会的養育ビジョンでは里親委託や特別養子縁組によってこの課題を解決しようとしているが、完全な解決ではない。子育てに困難を抱える家庭への相談援助は、県から市町村に実施機関が移行し、地域を基盤とした相談援助の可能性がある。社会的養護についても、地域にひらき、親子を分離しない柔軟な活用が考えられる

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Jissen Women's University institutional repository / 実践女子大学学術機関リポジトリ

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oai:jissen.repo.nii.ac.jp:00002150Last time updated on 5/12/2020View original full text link

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