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Alkoxyalkyl Esters of Cidofovir and Cyclic Cidofovir Exhibit Multiple-Log Enhancement of Antiviral Activity against Cytomegalovirus and Herpesvirus Replication In Vitro

By James R. Beadle, Caroll Hartline, Kathy A. Aldern, Natalie Rodriguez, Emma Harden, Earl R. Kern and Karl Y. Hostetler

Abstract

The incidence of cytomegalovirus (CMV) retinitis is declining in AIDS patients but remains a significant clinical problem in patients with organ transplants and bone marrow transplants. Prophylaxis with ganciclovir (GCV) or valganciclovir reduces the incidence of CMV disease but may lead to the emergence of drug-resistant virus with mutations in the UL97 or UL54 gene. It would be useful to have other types of oral therapy for CMV disease. We synthesized hexadecyloxypropyl and octadecyloxyethyl derivatives of cyclic cidofovir (cCDV) and cidofovir (CDV) and found that these novel analogs had 2.5- to 4-log increases in antiviral activity against CMV compared to the activities of unmodified CDV and cCDV. Multiple-log increases in activity were noted against laboratory CMV strains and various CMV clinical isolates including GCV-resistant strains with mutations in the UL97 and UL54 genes. Preliminary cell studies suggest that the increase in antiviral activity may be partially explained by a much greater cell penetration of the novel analogs. 1-O-Hexadecyloxypropyl-CDV, 1-O-octadecyloxyethyl-CDV, and their corresponding cCDV analogs are worthy of further preclinical evaluation for treatment and prevention of CMV and herpes simplex virus infections in humans

Topics: Antiviral Agents
Publisher: American Society for Microbiology
Year: 2002
DOI identifier: 10.1128/AAC.46.8.2381-2386.2002
OAI identifier: oai:pubmedcentral.nih.gov:127379
Provided by: PubMed Central
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