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In Vitro and In Vivo Antifungal Activities of TAK-456, a Novel Oral Triazole with a Broad Antifungal Spectrum

By Noboru Tsuchimori, Ryogo Hayashi, Naomi Kitamoto, Kentaro Asai, Tomoyuki Kitazaki, Yuji Iizawa, Katsumi Itoh and Kenji Okonogi

Abstract

TAK-456 is a novel oral triazole compound with potent and broad-spectrum in vitro antifungal activity and strong in vivo efficacy against Candida albicans and Aspergillus fumigatus. TAK-456 inhibited sterol synthesis of C. albicans and A. fumigatus by 50% at 3 to 11 ng/ml. TAK-456 showed strong in vitro activity against clinical isolates of Candida spp., Aspergillus spp., and Cryptococcus neoformans, except for Candida glabrata. The MICs at which 90% of the isolates tested were inhibited byTAK-456, fluconazole, itraconazole, voriconazole, and amphotericin B were 0.25, 4, 0.5, 0.13, and 0.5 μg/ml, respectively, for clinical isolates of C. albicans and 1, >64, 0.5, 0.5, and 0.5 μg/ml, respectively, for clinical isolates of A. fumigatus. Therapeutic activities of TAK-456 and reference triazoles against systemic lethal infections caused by C. albicans and A. fumigatus in mice were investigated by orally administering drugs once daily for 5 days, and efficacies of the compounds were evaluated by the prolongation of survival. In normal mice, TAK-456 and fluconazole were effective against infection caused by fluconazole-susceptible C. albicans at a dose of 1 mg/kg. In transiently neutropenic mice, therapeutic activity of TAK-456 at 1 mg/kg of body weight against infection with the same strain was stronger than those at 1 mg/kg of fluconazole. TAK-456 was effective against infections with two strains of fluconazole-resistant C. albicans at a dose of 10 mg/kg. TAK-456 also expressed activities similar to or higher than those of itraconazole against the infections caused by two strains of A. fumigatus in neutropenic mice at a dose of 10 mg/kg. These results suggest that TAK-456 is a promising candidate for development for the treatment of candidiasis and aspergillosis in humans

Topics: Experimental Therapeutics
Publisher: American Society for Microbiology
Year: 2002
DOI identifier: 10.1128/AAC.46.5.1388-1393.2002
OAI identifier: oai:pubmedcentral.nih.gov:127141
Provided by: PubMed Central
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