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Mixed lineage kinase-dependent JNK activation is governed by interactions of scaffold protein JIP with MAPK module components

By Deepak Nihalani, Debra Meyer, Sangeeta Pajni and Lawrence B. Holzman


It has been proposed that JNK-interacting proteins (JIP) facilitate mixed lineage kinase-dependent signal transduction to JNK by aggregating the three components of a JNK module. A new model for the assembly and regulation of these modules is proposed based on several observations. First, artificially induced dimerization of dual leucine zipper-bearing kinase (DLK) confirmed that DLK dimerization is sufficient to induce DLK activation. Secondly, under basal conditions, DLK associated with JIP is held in a monomeric, unphosphorylated and catalytically inactive state. Thirdly, JNK recruitment to JIP coincided with significantly decreased affinity of JIP and DLK. JNK promoted the dimerization, phosphorylation and activation of JIP-associated DLK. Similarly, treatment of cells with okadaic acid inhibited DLK association with JIP and resulted in DLK dimerization in the presence of JIP. In summary, JIP maintains DLK in a monomeric, unphosphorylated, inactive state. Upon stimulation, JNK–JIP binding affinity increases while JIP–DLK interaction affinity is attenuated. Dissociation of DLK from JIP results in subsequent DLK dimerization, autophosphorylation and module activation. Evidence is provided that this model holds for other MLK-dependent JNK modules

Topics: Article
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Year: 2001
DOI identifier: 10.1093/emboj/20.13.3447
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Provided by: PubMed Central
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