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Preparation of arrays of isolated spherical cavities by self-assembly of polystyrene spheres on self-assembled pre-patterned macroporous films

By M.E. Abdelsalam, P.N. Bartlett, J.J. Baumberg and S Coyle


Self-assembly of colloidal spheres onto patterned (e.g., lithographically modified [1]) substrates is a promising approach to prepare complex 3D geometries (e.g., assemble colloidal spheres into square pyramidal shapes[2]) that can not be produced by self-assembly of colloidal spheres on flat substrates. Generally self-assembly alone is restricted to the formation of close-packed 2D and 3D arrays of colloidal particles and does not lead to more complex lattice types and geometries. A certain degree of control over colloidal self-assembly has been achieved through external electric[3] or intense optical fields[4] and by manipulating the interaction potential[5]. Here we demonstrate a simple scheme that combines two self-assembly steps and electrochemical deposition to produce patterns of ordered arrays of spheres with controlled spacing and eventually isolated metallic arrays of spherical cavities

Topics: QD, QC
Year: 2004
OAI identifier: oai:eprints.soton.ac.uk:17436
Provided by: e-Prints Soton

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