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Functional and Selective Targeting of Adenovirus to High-Affinity Fcγ Receptor I-Positive Cells by Using a Bispecific Hybrid Adapter

By Christina Ebbinghaus, Ahmed Al-Jaibaji, Elisabeth Operschall, Angelika Schöffel, Isabelle Peter, Urs F. Greber and Silvio Hemmi

Abstract

Adenovirus (Ad) efficiently delivers its DNA genome into a variety of cells and tissues, provided that these cells express appropriate receptors, including the coxsackie-adenovirus receptor (CAR), which binds to the terminal knob domain of the viral capsid protein fiber. To render CAR-negative cells susceptible to Ad infection, we have produced a bispecific hybrid adapter protein consisting of the amino-terminal extracellular domain of the human CAR protein (CARex) and the Fc region of the human immunoglobulin G1 protein, comprising the hinge and the CH2 and CH3 regions. CARex-Fc was purified from COS7 cell supernatants and mixed with Ad particles, thus blocking Ad infection of CAR-positive but Fc receptor-negative cells. The functionality of the CARex domain was further confirmed by successful immunization of mice with CARex-Fc followed by selection of a monoclonal anti-human CAR antibody (E1-1), which blocked Ad infection of CAR-positive cells. When mixed with Ad expressing eGFP, CARex-Fc mediated an up to 250-fold increase of transgene expression in CAR-negative human monocytic cell lines expressing the high-affinity Fcγ receptor I (CD64) but not in cells expressing the low-affinity Fcγ receptor II (CD32) or III (CD16). These results open new perspectives for Ad-mediated cancer cell vaccination, including the treatment of acute myeloid leukemia

Topics: Gene Therapy
Publisher: American Society for Microbiology
Year: 2001
DOI identifier: 10.1128/JVI.75.1.480-489.2001
OAI identifier: oai:pubmedcentral.nih.gov:113940
Provided by: PubMed Central
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