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Flexible mixture modelling of stochastic frontiers

By Jim E. Griffin and Mark F.J. Steel

Abstract

This paper introduces new and flexible classes of inefficiency distributions for stochastic frontier models. We consider both generalized gamma distributions and mixtures of generalized gamma distributions. These classes cover many interesting cases and accommodate both positively and negatively skewed composed error distributions. Bayesian methods allow for useful inference with carefully chosen prior distributions. We recommend a two-component mixture model where a sensible amount of structure is imposed through the prior to distinguish the components, which are given an economic interpretation. This setting allows for efficiencies to depend on firm characteristics, through the probability of belonging to either component. Issues of label-switching and separate identification of both the measurement and inefficiency errors are also examined. Inference methods through MCMC with partial centring are outlined and used to analyse both simulated and real data. An illustration using hospital cost data is discussed in some detail

Topics: QA276
Publisher: Springer Netherlands
Year: 2008
OAI identifier: oai:kar.kent.ac.uk:3150
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