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Regulation of Protein Transport from the Golgi Complex to the Endoplasmic Reticulum by CDC42 and N-WASP

By Ana Luna, Olga B. Matas, José Angel Martínez-Menárguez, Eugenia Mato, Juan M. Durán, José Ballesta, Michael Way and Gustavo Egea

Abstract

Actin is involved in the organization of the Golgi complex and Golgi-to-ER protein transport in mammalian cells. Little, however, is known about the regulation of the Golgi-associated actin cytoskeleton. We provide evidence that Cdc42, a small GTPase that regulates actin dynamics, controls Golgi-to-ER protein transport. We located GFP-Cdc42 in the lateral portions of Golgi cisternae and in COPI-coated and noncoated Golgi-associated transport intermediates. Overexpression of Cdc42 and its activated form Cdc42V12 inhibited the retrograde transport of Shiga toxin from the Golgi complex to the ER, the redistribution of the KDEL receptor, and the ER accumulation of Golgi-resident proteins induced by the active GTP-bound mutant of Sar1 (Sar1[H79G]). Coexpression of wild-type or activated Cdc42 and N-WASP also inhibited Golgi-to-ER transport, but this was not the case in cells expressing Cdc42V12 and N-WASP(ΔWA), a mutant form of N-WASP that lacks Arp2/3 binding. Furthermore, Cdc42V12 recruited GFP-N-WASP to the Golgi complex. We therefore conclude that Cdc42 regulates Golgi-to-ER protein transport in an N-WASP–dependent manner

Topics: Article
Publisher: The American Society for Cell Biology
Year: 2002
DOI identifier: 10.1091/mbc.01-12-0579
OAI identifier: oai:pubmedcentral.nih.gov:99605
Provided by: PubMed Central
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