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A Novel Leishmania infantum Recombinant Antigen Which Elicits Interleukin 10 Production by Peripheral Blood Mononuclear Cells of Patients with Visceral Leishmaniasis

By Isabelle Suffia, Bernard Ferrua, Xavier Stien, Baharia Mograbi, Pierre Marty, Deborah Rousseau, Konstantina Fragaki and Joanna Kubar

Abstract

We report here the characterization of a novel Leishmania infantum protein termed papLe22 (22-kDa potentially aggravating protein of Leishmania). A positive clone from a cDNA library was identified by serum of a visceral leishmaniasis (VL) patient. Full-length cDNA obtained using rapid amplification of cDNA ends-PCR codes for a 22-kDa protein. In L. infantum promastigotes an endogenous nuclear protein of 14-kDa electrophoretic mobility was found by using an antiserum prepared against the fusion protein glutathione S-transferase–papLe22. Its expression was also shown in L. infantum amastigotes and in Leishmania major and Leishmania guyanensis promastigotes. VL patients' sera showed anti-papLe22 immunoglobulin M (IgM) and IgG reactivities, indicating that a primary response against the leishmanial protein papLe22 accompanied acute VL manifestations. Specific IgG levels were correlated with patients' clinical status. The presence of IgG1, IgG2, and IgG3 subclasses suggested a mixed Th1- and Th2-type response; there was no correlation between subclass reactivity and the disease course. The recombinant papLe22 specifically activated interleukin-10 production by VL patients' peripheral blood mononuclear cells collected at diagnosis and after treatment-induced cure, indicating its contribution to VL pathogenesis and concomitant immunosuppression and its potential role in the reactivation of latent parasites. As a dominant immunogen, papLe22 might be used as a vaccine component, provided that the vaccination protocol directs the response toward the Th1 pattern

Topics: Fungal and Parasitic Infections
Publisher: American Society for Microbiology
Year: 2000
OAI identifier: oai:pubmedcentral.nih.gov:97185
Provided by: PubMed Central
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