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Identification of Genes Encoding Two-Component Lantibiotic Production in Staphylococcus aureus C55 and Other Phage Group II S. aureus Strains and Demonstration of an Association with the Exfoliative Toxin B Gene

By Maduwe A. D. B. Navaratna, Hans-Georg Sahl and John R. Tagg


The production of exfoliative toxin B (ET-B), but not ET-A, was shown to be specifically associated with production of a highly conserved two-component lantibiotic peptide system in phage group II Staphylococcus aureus. Two previously studied but incompletely characterized S. aureus bacteriocins, staphylococcins C55 and BacR1, were found to be members of this lantibiotic system, and considerable homology was also found with the two-component Lactococcus lactis bacteriocin, lacticin 3147. sacαA and sacβA, the structural genes of the lantibiotics staphylococcins C55α and C55β and two putative lantibiotic processing genes, sacM1 and sacT, were localized together with the ET-B structural gene to a single 32-kb plasmid in strain C55. Irreversible loss of both ET-B and two-component lantibiotic production occurs during laboratory passage of ET-B-positive S. aureus strains, particularly at elevated temperatures

Topics: Molecular and Cellular Pathogenesis
Publisher: American Society for Microbiology
Year: 1999
OAI identifier: oai:pubmedcentral.nih.gov:96736
Provided by: PubMed Central
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