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Variation of Microbial Communities in Soil, Rhizosphere, and Rhizoplane in Response to Crop Species, Soil Type, and Crop Development

By Gabriele Wieland, Regine Neumann and Horst Backhaus

Abstract

We investigated the influence of plant species, soil type, and plant development time on the shaping of microbial communities in soil and in association with roots. The sample group consisted of a total of 32 microcosms in three habitats: soil, rhizosphere, and rhizoplane. Communities were represented by the patterns of a sequence-specific separation of rRNA target sequences. Effects of experimental parameters were classified by a cluster analysis of pattern similarities. The type of plant species (clover, bean, or alfalfa) had the greatest effect in plant-associated habitats and also affected soil patterns. Plant development had a minor habitat-dependent effect that was partly obscured by replicate variation. The results stress the applicability of biased community representations in an analysis of induced variation

Topics: Plant Microbiology
Publisher: American Society for Microbiology
Year: 2001
DOI identifier: 10.1128/AEM.67.12.5849-5854.2001
OAI identifier: oai:pubmedcentral.nih.gov:93382
Provided by: PubMed Central
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