From the rat intestinal microflora we isolated a gram-positive rod, termed HDCA-1, that is a member of a not previously described genomic species and that is able to transform the 3α,6β,7β-trihydroxy bile acid β-muricholic acid into hyodeoxycholic acid (3α,6α-dihydroxy acid) by dehydroxylation of the 7β-hydroxy group and epimerization of the 6β-hydroxy group into a 6α-hydroxy group. Other bile acids that were also transformed into hyodeoxycholic acid were hyocholic acid (3α,6α,7α-trihydroxy acid), α-muricholic acid (3α,6β,7α-trihydroxy acid), and ω-muricholic acid (3α,6α,7β-trihydroxy acid). The strain HDCA-1 could not be grown unless a nonconjugated 7-hydroxylated bile acid and an unidentified growth factor produced by a Ruminococcus productus strain that was also isolated from the intestinal microflora were added to the culture medium. Germfree rats selectively associated with the strain HDCA-1 plus a bile acid-deconjugating strain and the growth factor-producing R. productus strain converted β-muricholic acid almost completely into hyodeoxycholic acid
To submit an update or takedown request for this paper, please submit an Update/Correction/Removal Request.