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The net zero mass loss phenomenon on opening switching contacts with AC loading

By J. Swingler and J.W. McBride

Abstract

Studies are conducted on silver metal oxide contacts on a purposed built apparatus to investigate the extent of contact erosion under opening (break) operations. The contacts are opened between 0.1 and 0.8 ms-1 at particular point-on-wave, tPOW, of the ac waveform. Current loading of up to 30 A rms, Irms is investigated. Contact material deposition, as well as mass loss, is observed and is found to balance at particular current values and point-on-wave opening leading to a net zero mass loss on the contacts. Results are presented on mass change for each contact against the two parameters of current and point-on-wave. An arc duration characteristic, ?, is plotted against current, Irms which has a net zero mass loss. The characteristic is shown to be the same for both silver tin oxide and silver cadmium oxide but is influenced by the opening velocity. The metallic and gaseous ion transfer mechanisms of the arc discharge are presented as the main processes behind this phenomenon

Topics: TJ, TK, QC
Year: 1999
OAI identifier: oai:eprints.soton.ac.uk:21270
Provided by: e-Prints Soton

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