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Gö 6976, a selective inhibitor of protein kinase C, is a potent antagonist of human immunodeficiency virus 1 induction from latent/low-level-producing reservoir cells in vitro.

By K A Qatsha, C Rudolph, D Marmé, C Schächtele and W S May

Abstract

Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV-1) infection is followed by a period of latency or a low-level-persistent (LLP) state that results in an asymptomatic infection of the host. Productive viral expression may be triggered by a variety of activators including mitogens, antigens, and cytokines. Protein kinase C (PKC) has been shown to be important in the intracellular cascade of signals induced by such activators. With U1 and ACH-2 cell lines representative of an HIV-1 postintegration state, the effect of Gö 6976, a synthetic inhibitor of PKC was tested. Gö 6976 is a nonglycosidic indolocarbazole found to potently inhibit HIV-1 induction by Bryostatin 1, tumor necrosis factor alpha, and interleukin 6. Gö 6976 effectively blocks viral transcription induced by Bryostatin 1 or tumor necrosis factor alpha that leads to the inhibition of intracellular viral protein synthesis and viral shedding. Gö 6976 also blocks interleukin 6-mediated posttranscriptional induction of viral proteins. The IC50 of Gö 6976 shows a 12- to 60-fold more potent effect than for H-7, another PKC inhibitor with a similar mechanism. The inhibitory effect is reduced when Gö 6976 is not added before or within 1 hr of induction by the potent PKC activator Bryostatin 1. However, U1 cells can be grown for long periods in a nontoxic concentration of Gö 6976 (300 nM), which confers virtual inhibition of HIV-1 induction without the development of resistance. Results indicate that inhibition of HIV-1 proviral induction from latent/low-level-producing infectious states with potent PKC inhibitors like Gö 6976 may represent an additional and promising antiviral approach

Topics: Research Article
Year: 1993
OAI identifier: oai:pubmedcentral.nih.gov:46575
Provided by: PubMed Central
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